Sunday, January 12, 2020

Tok Knowing a Friend and Swimmin

TOK 11 summative assessment quarter 2 Jacqueline Blok 21/11/11 Compare and contrast knowing a friend to knowing how to swim, knowing a scientific theory and knowing a historical period. What conclusions about nature of knowing can you reach? Thinking I knew how to swim I jumped into a pool and nearly drowned. The one friend who was always there for me, who I thought I knew, left me without a goodbye. Thinking that a light year was a measurement of time, until I had a physics class.I though Pearl Harbor was just a movie, until we were learning about World War 2 in humanities. With asking these questions, to be certain in the world we live in today might be a challenge. Knowing a friend would require a bond, which is created through experiences with each other, a perception of the feelings of that friend and thoughts that run in a deeper level. One might think he/she knows someone very well, because of a long-term close relationship or similar interests or tastes.However no one other t han himself or herself would understand their own way of thinking, the workings of their own mind, it is impossible to know why certain actions are performed by someone else. Only glimpses and insights may be picked up of the complexities of the mysterious mind and personality of oneself. My best friend dislikes exposing her legs, because she doesn’t feel confident enough to show them.This seems like a reasonable excuse, if she is uncomfortable with her body, it would be her choice to expose it or not, however deeper psychological factors are involved and countless other reasons which I would not be able to think of nor comprehend. The knowledge of another person would be mainly created out of language, perception and emotion. A knower’s perception of a friend’s action would be affected by emotions; hence the knowledge of a friend will be affected too.A perception of a friend may be altered when the emotions of a friend affects their actions in certain situation s. Language has complexities too, language can make an attempt at describing feelings, however this doesn’t provide a complete understanding of one and another. The best way to communicate feelings would be to let one experience another’s events and create their own feelings; an example would be the expression â€Å"you can’t possibly imagine what I have been through†, â€Å"Imagine yourself in some one else’s shoes†.Considering the history of one, would affect their ways of acting upon situations, all humans think and act differently according to personalities, which have been shaped by all sorts of experiences in their own past. Swimming is an action which requires a structured breathing pattern and a well timed combination of limb motions, allowing you to travel through water, the important key words here that I found through my observations are that knowing â€Å"how† is not the same as knowing â€Å"of† nor is it close to knowing â€Å"that†.Knowing how to swim is quite similar to knowing a friend. Because one cannot possibly learn how to swim by reading instructions, someone could read all the documents and articles available on how to swim, and jump into a pool and drown. For example at one particular time I developed liking in ‘parkour’ I watched all the youtube videos that I could find on ‘how to parkour, read many articles and tips and tricks. So one day I felt I gained enough knowledge about this acrobatic sport and decided to try it out. And what I learnt was that I could not even jump over a simple bench.I am able to read and apply concepts that I have gained through reading, however in this case I was not able to apply the information fast enough of â€Å"how† to parkour. Even though I had a sophisticated amount of knowledge on how to parkour, I was unable to convert this knowledge and understanding into reality. According to my research these two actions swi mming and parkouring require ‘bodily-kinesthetic intelligence’ which is the ability to control to control the movements of a body and skillfully interact with a variety of objects.Scientific theories have been made through observations of the world, creativity and of course imagination. They can be known through reason, language and perception. A scientist can propose a theory purely upon perception and reasoning and justify this theory with evidence that shows how this particular phenomenon follows the predicted theory. For example in chemistry we did a set of experiments on how different metals when heated in a flame would give out a color. A hypothesis was provided and from that I knew that the flames indeed would change color.I know for a fact that when Copper Chloride is heated it will give out a green color, I saw this through my own eyes and as the experiment was repeated several times with the same results. Seeing out of my own eyes is proof. Through being taugh t by my teacher means I am relying on a higher authority’s knowledge. Also the lack of a language can prove a theory, for example every one dies, this is a fact because by using deductive reasoning there is no one here to tell us otherwise.The problem with knowing a historical period is that it is in the past and we are in the present, the knowledge of a historical period is transferred from the past into the present through language and documentation. If we have not been informed about these periods, the present day people would never had known it existed. The knowing of a historical period is based upon accepting certain events through evidence from the past. It is unfortunate that historians cannot directly â€Å"test† the past whereas a scientific theory and swimming can be tested.This suggests that testing is thus an important factor in determining the nature of knowledge. The claim of knowing a historical period can be justified by looking at pictures or a docume ntary, technology over the years has improved significantly the knowledge we know today about the past. Unlike a scientific theory here we can rely on perception, observation and interpretations. To know a historical period we must have either been there or rely on a higher authority to inform us. I however ponder on the possibility of the authority being fooled by perception.This is where logic and reasoning comes in to decide whether or not something has happened. If something hadn’t happened, then why can we see evidence of the consequences, for example when I visited Cambodia the Angkor Wat temples I saw evidence of historical artifacts of the monks, and until the present monks still live among there. With this I can deduce that these temples must have come from somewhere, and it is definitely a sacred place. With this we are knowing â€Å"that† something happened instead of knowing â€Å"of† a friend.By identifying and considering the four concepts that wer e provided we can conclude that the main difference in the nature of the four knowledge claims are the way you know them; knowing â€Å"how to† and knowing â€Å"that something is† are completely different. A knower will never be able to know a friend than himself or herself, exact feelings and emotions cannot be communicated directly and as detailed through perception and language. Swimming can only be learnt through perception, this ability is not able to be transferred linguistically, but must be learnt first hand through training.A historical period in time can be known by a person who has lived through that time and has transferred the knowledge gained through linguistical means, however the knowledge could be misleading due to perception or the facts of the period are incomplete providing only one side of the story. A scientific theory may be discovered and proven through various tests and observations via perceptions and reason. However communication of this par ticular theory via language does not have the same effect as the perception of it.Emotions can affect perception language cannot transfer precise meanings and assumptions to generalize from specific points can be found through inception. Due to these ways of knowing being limited, complete knowledge is unable to be attained. Different claims requiring different ways of knowing to justify them, they have all have one thing in common; their nature: they are based on premises that we accept in every day life as being ‘true’ and therefore deduct that based on these premises, they are equally true. We know something as far as we are willing to accept it into our world.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Impact of Workplace Bullying Free Essay Example, 500 words

The Impact of Workplace Bullying The Impact of workplace Bullying Workplace bullying can be defined in different ways since thereis no specific single conclusive definition. However, it can be expressed as persistent, abusive, offensive, intimidating behavior or abuse of power that makes the recipient feel vulnerable, humiliated or threatened and ends up reducing their self-confidence and may even result to stress (Caponecchia and Wyatt, 2011). Workplace bullying can result in different impacts on both an individual and the organization. This paper looks at these impacts and what the management should do in order to mitigate these impacts. The consequences of workplace bullying can impact significantly on both involved individual and the organization. An individual can be impacted in three major ways (Geldenhuys et al, 2014). These three ways are a person’s psychological wellbeing, performance at work, and physical health. Signs of psychological wellbeing consequences are suc h as an employee suffering lower self-esteem, anxiety, depression and reduced motivation (Oade, 2009). Most occasions an individual is inactive and does not seem to realize what is going on around him or her. Individuals can endure sleeping an eating disorders and stress related disorders which can affect their physical health. We will write a custom essay sample on The Impact of Workplace Bullying or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now They may thus suffer from complications such as obesity or other cardio-vascular complications. Work related performance includes low work morale, intentions to leave the job, decreased performance and damaged reputation (Geldenhuys et al, 2014). Workplace bullying can also impact the organizations productivity through decreases in performance by affected employees, increased violence at workplace, hostile work environment that is characterized employees lacking trust in others, poor group communication, anger and suspicion, increased absenteeism cases, high employee turnover and this affects the quality of services and products, employees losing trust with the organization, high recruiting costs and increased medical costs (Geldenhuys et al, 2014). Practical workplace bullying can be witnessed in many different ways. An example is when a new supervisor was brought into an organization and because of his qualifications and employment terms, it was a greed that the supervisor will be earning more than some of the senior management staff who have been there before him. This caused hatred to develop between the supervisor and his colleagues in the senior management. They never coordinated with him and went to the extent of purposely withholding vital information from this supervisor thus making it hard for him to undertake his duties. They went as far as blaming him for things that he never did and this led him to resign. The management can adopt different techniques in order to provide a positive impact on workplace bullying. First the management needs to secure the commitment and involvement of the organization by attaining support from top management and the cooperation and participation of the employees. According to Caponecchia and Wyatt (2011) the management should ensure a workplace environment of zero tolerance to bullying by developing effective bullying policies and procedure that all employees should follow. The polic ies should clearly express what bullying is and the consequences of such behavior (Caponecchia and Wyatt, 2011). Another technique that the management can adopt in order to reduce workplace bullying is to raise awareness and provide training on issues dealing with bullying (Oade, 2009). The management should organize workshops where they can enlighten their employees on the importance of cohesiveness and good relationship with others in the workplace (Oade, 2009). In doing this, the management will ensure a positive work culture where employee correlates well with one another. In conclusion, workplace bullying can have adverse impacts on an organization if it is not identified and stopped early. For the organization to be productive, the management should ensure workplace do no encourage bullying. Organizations should instead create friendly working environment that discourages occurrence of bullying to all the employees. References Oade, A. (2009). Managing workplace bullying: How to identify, respond to and manage bullying behavior in the workplace. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Caponecchia, C., & Wyatt, A. (2011). Preventing workplace bullying: An evidence-based guide to preventing workplace bullying for managers and employees. Crows Nest, N.S. W: Allen & Unwin. Geldenhuys M, Leo L, Reid R, & Gobind J. (2014) The Inferences of Gender in Workplace Bullying: a Conceptual Analysis Ife Centre for Psychological Studies/Services, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Friday, December 27, 2019

Oppression Is The Foundation Of Revolution - 1243 Words

Oppression is the foundation of revolution. Injustice fuels revolutionary fervor in the oppressed. In the eyes of the colonists, the British oppressed the colonists. In the late Eighteenth Century, increased taxation and restrictions imposed by the British were intolerable actions. Many colonists saw these actions as unjust and oppressive. Increased political restrictions and economic exploitations resulted in increased revolutionary fervor. The oppression of the colonists during Britain’s seemingly tyrannical reign led to the American Revolution. Colonists were outraged by Britain’s disregard of the British Constitution displayed by taxes and restrictions. . Economic acts implemented by the British resulted in other complaints regarding the circumstances under which the acts were implemented. In other words, the American Revolution was comparatively not about money. Although America’s problems with Britain were seemingly economic, colonists cared more about poli tical power and independence than taxation itself. Grievances expressed by colonists mostly reflected the a lack of representation, the minimization of colonial self-government, and the deprivation of rights. Consequently, the American Revolution was caused by British economic and political policies that led to unfavorable colonial opinions of the 18th Century British government. Although many factors contributed to the colonial decision to declare independence and start the American Revolutionary War, economicShow MoreRelatedThe Human Race867 Words   |  4 Pagespeople have overlooked as one of the necessary keys to the growth of humanity. Oppression. Oppression of humans has been an almost constant characteristic in many civilizations in almost every part of the Western world and at almost any time period. But as abhorrent and as disgraceful as oppression is (and has been), oppression has played a beneficial role for the elite members of many societies. The benefits of oppression can be seen in the works of Marx, Mandela, Wollstonecraft and Colbert as theRead MoreEssay about Social Order1260 Words   |  6 Pagessuch as the mass, the bourgeois, the proletariats, the middle class, and the wealthy upper class. These groups are nothing more than the natural psychodynamic order that man creates within itself. Society is a relentless cycle of class order a nd revolutions. This cycle is proven through social order theories such as Marx’s Communist Manifesto and Gasset’s Revolt of the Masses. Society places constraints on itself to create classes. Gasset describes the majority of people as the mass which â€Å"comeRead MoreA Summary Of The Communist Manifesto Marx1323 Words   |  6 Pagesthe bourgeoisie and proletarians (p.16). Quite simply, the bourgeoisie, where the capitalists were the enforcers and owners of the properties in towns. They were the executives over their businesses and workers, this formed part of the industrial revolution that developed steam and machinery. In addition it, increased their capital and allowed this entity to gain power over others. On the other hand, the proletariats were the workers who sold their labour to earn an income over long hours, which inRead MoreResearch Paper on Letters from an American Farmer by J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur1328 Words   |  6 Pagesagricultural society in the late 18th century. Letters from an American Farmer by J. Hector St. John de Crà ¨vecÅ“ur illustrates the gilded nature of the early vision of America; one that appears to be simplistic and based in freedom, but lies on a foundation of oppression and greed. Crà ¨vecÅ“ur was a native of France, who - at the age of 20 - immigrated to North America. After a short military career in Canada, Crà ¨vecÅ“ur purchased land in Orange County, New York, where he would experience the transformationRead More Marx and the Communist Movement Essay922 Words   |  4 Pageswritten. It contains the viewpoints and ideology of the world-view that Marx and Engels had come to know from their political involvement from the previous years. Published in 1848, in a time of European revolution, the Manifesto is an incisive summary of the Marxist vision and outlines the foundation of the Marxist movement. According to Marx, four stages of human development exist. In the beginning of social development there is slavery where political and social freedoms are non-existent. TheRead MoreCivil Disobedience And The Apartheid1428 Words   |  6 Pagesovercome both the Jim Crow laws that had oppressed the African-American minority and the systemic racism that was once prevalent in the Southern United States. In South Africa, Nelson Mandela utilized civil disobedience to lead an anti-apartheid revolution to combat the apartheid system that systemically discriminated against the black inhabitants of South Africa. All three of these exemplary men have earned a Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts (the prize was not awarded in 1948 because â€Å"there wasRead MoreThe Great Philosophies From The 19th Century1386 Words   |  6 Pagespamphlet, it highlights the problem of oppression the working class faces. Has a large effect on the revolution following its publication. Became a foundation for organizations, influenced other radicals and subsequently influx and Communist literature. This specific piece of work not only shocked the society during this time but educated people on the system they were living in. To begin with, Marx within The Communist Manifesto highlights the oppression of the proletariat class so this specificRead MoreCharacteristics Of The Atlantic Revolutions1050 Words   |  5 PagesThe Atlantic Revolutions form 1750-1914 created widespread movements and connected the globe by sharing common ideas. Since 1914, the ideals of human society from the Atlantic Revolutions, such as independence, political changes, and freedoms for all, are confirmed by society’s constant attempt to attain such values. Those ideals set the foundation of modern society and maintain to be an essential characteristic of society’s evolvement. Prominently, the fight for independence shaped the AtlanticRead MoreViolence Is The Fundamental Factor That Defines The Meaning And Practice Of Colonization1607 Words   |  7 Pagescentrality of violence in resisting colonial rule. However, violence is not limited to playing a significant role in just colonisation. Marx and Engels’ The Communist Manifesto encompasses ideas of violence in social revolution and communism. In Marx’s theory, Marx writes of a Communist Revolution. The forces of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat classes clash with the attempt to overthrow existing social systems through violence. Although violence holds negative connotations, Fanon and Marx show that itRead MoreSurplus Value Is The Most Significant Concept1298 Words   |  6 Pagesvalue is one of his best concept and contribution to economic analysis. (Letter to Engels 1867) It is the main source of oppression and exploitation over the proletariat within a capitalist society. It allows Marx’s ideas to follow a consecutive lineage, from the oppression of the proletariat, to overcoming false class-consciousness, finally leading to the Proletarian revolution. Surplus value is the key reason why the proletariat must rebel and regain the true value of their labour, instead of it

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Slavery And The Slavery Of Slavery - 933 Words

Slavery, up to this point has progressively gotten weaker. In 1787 slavery is made illegal in the northwest territory. In 1793 Eli Whitney made the cotton gin making the demand for slaves increase. In 1820 the missouri compromise was written to ban slavery in all states above the northern missouri border. In the year 1831 Preacher Nat Turner starts a rebellion that is known to be the largest slave uprising in American History. also that year William Lloyd Garrison started publishing the Liberator a weekly paper that advocated abolishment of slavery. Up to this point the abolishment of slavery is near and near. Steps to abolish slavery have been things like missouri compromise where slavery was not permitted over the northern boundary of missouri. Weekly newspaper s such as the Liberator. Slave rebellions began to spring up all in the south. The cotton kingdom expanded after the creation of the cotton gin. The gin allowed the cotton fibers to be separated from the seeds much easier. The need for slave labor to operate the machine went up also. King cotton was the center of the economy. The south would grow the cotton and send it north to be shipped to England and other european countries. Once in england the cotton would be made into clothes and other goods. The south was huge on aristocracy. The rich plantation owners had all the money and power owning up to 100 slaves. They kept together in tight knit communities sending their children off to private schools causing anShow MoreRelatedSlavery And The Slavery Of Slavery Essay1742 Words   |  7 Pagesto resist their masters, and the institution of slavery in a subtle or a suicidal way. The visions of freedom varied throughout time periods and regions; in 1739, you have the Stono Rebellion, people used laws to argue their cases of injustice, such as Emanuel Pieterson and Dorothy Angola, who fought for the freedom of their child and David Walker, Frederick Douglass and Harriet Jacob who used literature to speak against the institution of slavery. Another aspect was that freedom had a differentRead MoreThe Slavery Of Slavery And Slavery944 Words   |  4 Pagescondemn slavery. The South also used religion as their argument, but instead, they used the Bible to argue that slavery was an acc eptable part of life. People have questioned whether it was right or wrong of the South to use the bible to support their beliefs in slavery. Some would say that pro-slavery southerners had every right to use the Bible to support their beliefs. When Northerners began to use the Bible against slavery, southerners used this same argument to support it. Slavery was a practiceRead MoreSlavery : Slavery And Slavery901 Words   |  4 PagesSlavery in America started in 1619 when settlers brought over African Americans to Jamestown, Virginia. The slaves came to Jamestown to work on the tobacco plantations. The slaves were also sent to other colonies such as South Carolina to work on the cotton plantations. Slaves were people who worked for no pay. This caused the land owners to make more profit from their plantations because they didn’t have to pay their workers. Southern slave owners, specifically in South Carolina, relied on slaveryRead MoreThe Slavery Of Slavery And Slavery1505 Words   |  7 Pagessix to seven billion enslaved Africans were brought to the American shore (Slavery). Life as an enslaved African was more than tough, it was appalling. Slaves were prohibited from becoming literate, they were restricted in e very aspect, whether it was in movement or behavior, and they were punished severely. Slave masters â€Å"took sexual liberties† with enslaved women, which was thought to be a tactic to procreate slaves (Slavery). According to that interpretation, slave masters were fueled to procreateRead MoreSlavery And The Slavery Of Slavery Essay2080 Words   |  9 PagesThere has been an ongoing debate on whether Christianity condoned or condemned slavery. In this essay, I will discuss how slave owners used biblical context to uphold the institution of slavery. I will begin analyzing scriptures in the bible that pertain to slavery. It is in my belief that the Bible did not condone slavery in the way that slave owners upheld slavery. I do not argue against that there were not slaves by bondage but they were not enslaved against their will but through the will ofRead MoreSlavery And Its Effects On Slavery889 Words   |  4 PagesSlavery Slaves suffered within a system characterized by undernourishment, overwork, harsh punishment, ill health, and despair. The purpose of this paper is to address the significant problems slavery caused the world in which talk of rights and liberties were increasingly popularized. Slavery divested lives of many African Americans who were sold into enslavement for many years. The Start of Slavery Slavery began when the African American people were brought to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. HundredsRead MoreSlavery And The Black Slavery1534 Words   |  7 PagesFROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM CHAPTERS 4, 5 and 6 Chapter 4 Slave Societies in this chapter mean people with similar characteristics who lived together in a well or less organized community. Slave societies in eighteenth -century were common in North America in New England, the Mid-Atlantic and the Lower Mississippi Valley. The black slavery experience was not unique, that is not the same in these areas, was influenced by local conditions, nation of the colonizers, composition of men and women, statisticalRead MoreSlavery And Its Effects On Slavery Essay1202 Words   |  5 Pages This was the period of post-slavery, early twentieth century, in southern United States where blacks were still treated by whites inhumanly and cruelly, even after the abolition laws of slavery of 1863. They were still named as ‘color’. Nothing much changed in African-American’s lives, though the laws of abolition of slavery were made, because now the slavery system became a way of life. The system was accepted as destiny. So the whites also got license to take disadvantages and started exploitingRead MoreReparations For Slavery : Slavery1218 Words   |  5 Pages Reparations for Slavery? Harriet Tubman once said, â€Å"Now I ve been free, I know what a dreadful condition slavery is. I have seen hundreds of escaped slaves, but I never saw one who was willing to go back and be a slave.† What is a reparation? A reparation is the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged. The biggest question of time is should African Americans receive payments for slavery? Many people would say yes withRead MoreSlavery And Its Effects On Slavery999 Words   |  4 Pagesresearch and taking the Slavery footprint quiz I realized just how much my life and lifestyle depended on slavery. I, like most people, do not think about where my clothes came from or where the diamond in the engagement ring came from; subsequently, I alone depend on 43 slaves. 43 individuals somewhere in the world are being forced to work or work for little to nothing. I cried after reading about present time slavery because like most people i n today’s age, I believed slavery ended in President Lincoln’s

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

A Case Summary for Psychological Assessment -myassignmenthelp

Question: Write about aCase Summary for Psychological Assessment. Answer: Case history of John John is 45-year-old man who is living with his family. John was referred to the Monash Medical centre with the history of headache and muscle pain in the legs that he was forced to leave his job as a carpenter. John is an English Carpenter who is has come with the problem of major muscular pain and has problems in sitting and while walking. He is well oriented and well perfuse. There was no abnormality found while looking at him in the first place. Predisposing factors John has a very strong family history, which predisposes him to develop a mood disorder. According to Levinson et al. (2014),a large sample of people diagnosed with non-anxious control and general anxiety disorder showed the family history of the psychological problems. As per the behavioural genetics research, metal disorders are highly attributed to genetic factors. Johns cousin was suffering from Bipolar Disorder and Johns sibling has posttraumatic stress disorder. However, it is evident that John has a strong genetic history that can influence the psychological condition of John. Biography of Psychological Assessment It has been seen through several researches that the psychological assessment tests are very much similar to the medical tests. The patients when have their medical symptoms are given certain blood tests or physical examination tests that are helpful to understand the cause of the symptoms of the patient (Zacher, 2014). The results of the tests are the will always help the physician to develop a current plan of the treatment. The various psychological evaluations are done for the mental well being of the patients that more or less serves the same purpose. The psychologist uses the tests and the other form of the assessment tools that are used for observing the behaviour of the client and hence they can come to the proper diagnosis and the guide for the treatment of the patients (Staff, Hogan Whalley, 2017). The psychologists administer the various forms of tests and the assessments for the wide range of reasons. The children who are facing problems in reading and writing, the worker s who are facing several problems in their workplace or any other person who have their problems that are generally and anxiety can be assessed by the various test reports and assessment techniques that are implemented by the psychologists (Bryman, 2015). The personality tests are the most common form of test or measures that assess the characteristics of the individual that are not influenced by the belief and that are said to be on the independent form of the bias. The objective forms of the tests are actually the measures of the characteristics of the individual through the assessment processes. The personality tests are generally reflective and the assessment results reports their true personality Description of the tools there are three types of tool that was implemented on the patient to know their true personality report. The three forms of tools that were used for this study was NEO PI R, Life story interview and Thematic Apperception Test. Firstly, life story report is the interviews that are done on the client where he/she have to tell the psychologists about their life story. The social scientists have always interested to hear about the stories of the past of the individuals and about the plans that they want to accomplish in their future. The client is asked to focus on the key questions that are asked by the psychologists about their past. They needs only focus on the scenes, characters and the ideas that are asked by the psychologists to them (Zacher, 2014). There are no right or wrong to the answers to the questions. Their task is to tell about the past incidents and to imagine their future. They have to cover the areas such as high point, low point, turning point, positive form of the childhood memory, negative childhood memory and vivid form of adult memory in their life history (Bryman, 2015). They also need to focus on the several challenges of their life and they need to overcome those challenges in a day-t o-day basis. The NEO PI R, is the second tool that are use for the assessment of the personality of the client. It is a standardized form of questionnaire and it provides a systematic form of emotional, experimental, motivational and the attitude styles with a detailed way of the description of the of the personality. The Neo PI R is the concise form that consists of the five main domains of personality that have the six major form that defines each type of the traits of the personality. The shortened version of the Neo Five factor inventory is comprised of 60 items that have 12 items per domain. Both the inventory Neo PI R and Neo FFI are been updated from a longer period and it has been finally updated in the year of 2010. The Neo PI R assesses the big five form of the personality traits that includes the Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness and Neuroticism. However, the inventory assesses the six form of the subordinate form of the dimensions that have the factors that are related to the factors of the main personality. Paul Costa Jr and Robert MaCrae have developed the test that can be used by the adult men and the women without the overt form of the psychopathology. The third type of assessment that are used for the study is the Thematic Apperception Test apperception test or TAT is one of the projective technique, which measures and evaluate the patterns of the persons attitudes, the patterns in which they think, emotional responses to the test materials that are ambiguous. TAT is the example of the instrument of projection that helps the person to project their thought process and emotional responses. The TAT measures the three forms of the defence mechanisms that include the denial, identification and projection. The individuals thoughts and history of the defense mechanisms used are analyzed in the stories that are told by them by seeing the cards. The discrete dimension of the scale analyzes the social cognition and the object relationship of the observation of the patient. The complexities of the representation of the people are affected by the tone of the relationship, the moral standards and the understanding of the casualty of the socie ty. Results John scored a raw score of (N = 1300 on the Neuroticism scale (N), t= 78 On the Neuroticism Scale (N), John scored an raw score of N = 130, t= 78 Andy scored very high on the Neuroticism Scale (raw score (N) = 130, t=78) Interpretation of the data In case of the TAT test, it has been observed that the client was pulling two cards that shows the card that was pull out was for the defence mechanisms. From different forms of studies, it was clear that the different TAT cards pull for different defences. These findings provide the indication that the cards might be especially likely to pull the particular form of the defences. Results indicate that two cards (3BM, 8BM) are likely to pull for denial. These two cards both include a gun in the picture, which perhaps accounts for the use of the defence to disavow this potential threat (Ispas et al., 2014). Cards 3BM and 8BM also pull for projection, as do 6BM, 15, and 18GF, but these latter three cards are quite different in content and do not provide any clear explanation for their elicitation of projection. Cards 1, 2, 6BM, and 7BM all pull for identification. Cards 1 and 2 both suggest the presence of cerebral activity or work. Cards 6BM and 7BM both include two figures, each dyad representing older and younger people who are avoiding interaction, perhaps indicating both affiliation as well as the need for personal differentiation. These features could be seen as contributing to the defence of identification. The findings also suggest that some TAT cards are relatively neutral in terms of pulling for defence mechanisms. The report of the life story report suggests that the client has various forms of insecurity due to his past events. The problem of mood disorders and prevalence of neuroticism are found vehemently in his family history. John has a very strong family history, which predisposes him to develop a mood disorder. According to Levinson et al. (2014),a large sample of people diagnosed with non-anxious control and general anxiety disorder showed the family history of the psychological problems. As per the behavioural genetics research, metal disorders are highly attributed to genetic factors. Johns cousin was suffering from Bipolar Disorder and Johns sibling has posttraumatic stress disorder. However, it is evident that John has a strong genetic history that can influence the psychological condition of John. John suffered a spider bite developed cellulites, ruptured his anterior cruciate ligament, surgery on anal fistula and diagnosed of osteitis pubis. He has been also suffering from workplace stress factor, workplace bullying, severe loss of functioning, no work capacity, loss of significant support from work and family. He has been also suffering from financial strain is the major perpetuating factor for his depression and anxiety. The third tool that was used on the client to know about his personality trait was the NEO PIR. From the results of the NEO PI R inventory, it was found that the client is has scored higher in the neurotic facet and introversion facet. This is because the type of environment he is living is bound to give him the problems and make him inclined towards depression and anxiety. It has been observed from the life history analysis of John that he is suffering from huge financial crisis. Therefore, it is very much obvious that he is inclined towards depression. Moreover, his genetic history also portrays that there is a bipolar disorder and mood disorder history in his family. Therefore, the NEP PI R scale shows that he has scored higher in Neuroticism scale. From the case study, it has been observed that the various forms of the inventory tools helps the psychologists to know about the personality traits of the person. References Bryman, A. (2015).Social research methods. Oxford university press. Csikszentmihalyi, M., Wong, M. M. H. (2014). Motivation and academic achievement: The effects of personality traits and the quality of experience. InApplications of flow in human development and education(pp. 437-465). Springer Netherlands. Fountoulakis, K. N., Siamouli, M., Moysidou, S., Pantoula, E., Moutou, K., Panagiotidis, P., ... Preti, A. (2014). Standardization of the NEO-PI-3 in the Greek general population.Annals of general psychiatry,13(1), 36. Ispas, D., Iliescu, D., Ilie, A., Johnson, R. E. (2014). Exploring the cross-cultural generalizability of the five-factor model of personality: The Romanian NEO PI-R.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology,45(7), 1074-1088. Jones, D. N., Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Introducing the short dark triad (SD3) a brief measure of dark personality traits.Assessment,21(1), 28-41. Klotz, A. C., Neubaum, D. O. (2016). Research on the dark side of personality traits in entrepreneurship: observations from an organizational behavior perspective.Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,40(1), 7-17. Leutner, F., Ahmetoglu, G., Akhtar, R., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2014). The relationship between the entrepreneurial personality and the Big Five personality tr Lo, M. T., Hinds, D. A., Tung, J. Y., Franz, C., Fan, C. C., Wang, Y., ... Sanyal, N. (2017). Genome-wide analyses for personality traits identify six genomic loci and show correlations with psychiatric disorders.Nature genetics,49(1), 152. Mihura, J. L., Meyer, G. J. (2015). Thematic Apperception Test.The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology. Siefert, C. J., Stein, M. B., Slavin-Mulford, J., Sinclair, S. J., Haggerty, G., Blais, M. A. (2016). Estimating the effects of Thematic Apperception Test card content on SCORSG ratings: Replication with a nonclinical sample.Journal of personality assessment,98(6), 598-607. Staff, R. T., Hogan, M. J., Whalley, L. J. (2017). Childhood intelligence and personality traits neuroticism and openness contributes to social mobility: A study in the Aberdeen 1936 Birth Cohort.Personality and Individual Differences,114, 206-212. Wetzel, E., Bhnke, J. R., Carstensen, C. H., Ziegler, M., Ostendorf, F. (2013). Do individual response styles matter? Assessing differential item functioning for men and women in the NEO-PI-R.Journal of Individual Differences,34(2), 69. Zacher, H. (2014). Career adaptability predicts subjective career success above and beyond personality traits and core self-evaluations.Journal of Vocational Behavior,84(1), 21-30.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Simple Things free essay sample

Curious reader, I can tell you this, no feeling can compare to lying down in a shore, sand at your back, cool water at your feet, good friends at your sides, a drink and music by your head, and a blue, sunny sky on top. People say it’s the simple things that matter; I completely agree. In Puerto Rico, there is perhaps no simpler guilty pleasure than indulging on a summer’s day at the beach. At some point in every Puerto Ricans life (and I do mean everybody’s), they go through a stage where going to the beach is done almost routinely for a while and then it stops. Perhaps it’s the heritage we share or some form of collective consciousness that leads to this curious cultural trait, either way this is not the point, curious reader. I remember my childhood beach at the Caribe Hilton: a perfectly rock-less shore, water so clear and beautifully turquoise that I could see myself reflected in it, surrounded by tourist and natives tanning. We will write a custom essay sample on The Simple Things or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The beach had been literally made with a rock barrier to block waves and the sand had been rearranged to make the shore more flat. There were restaurants a few steps away and waiters waiting at your beck and call to bring you a cold beverage. It was a perfect, post card worthy scene. Growing up I would go there with my parents and my sister on countless summer days. That was during my first beach routine stage. However, time went by and I slowly stopped enjoying that beach. Other interests distracted me and the memory fluttered away. Years went by, and I was well preoccupied. I earned my black belt in Tae Kwon Do proudly at the age of 15. I travelled incessantly with my parents to over 47 countries, broadening my interest in other cultures and at the same time arousing my love for mine. Slowly I began to develop an interest in music learning to play the bass and it, in turn, took an interest in me, teaching me and stimulating in me one of the less common of intellectual curiosities ; a curiosity of the senses. Longing for experiences I became a Boy Scout and learned invaluable knowledge being exposed to other cultures attending national and international world scout jamborees. Being an intern to both a Puerto Rican senator and a congressman of Maryland I gained insight into life. My view of the world widened as I became older. One summer day, and I do not recall how the circumstances came to be, I ended up going to the beach with my friends. I did not go to the Caribe Hilton. I went to Ocean Park, its rocky shore overly crowded with people, the â€Å"less sophisticated† natives, a beach were an actual restaurant is a mile away and there is no such thing as a life guard. You won’t see a single tourist there and there is especially no rock barrier to block the waves. It was a new place for me. I was there for a short time but the visit was enough to spark my second beach routine stage. A week later I went to the Caribe Hilton with my family. As I stood at the beach in the Caribe Hilton, with the warm sun kissing my skin, looking at myself reflected in the beautiful turquoise water much like in my childhood, I realized I preferred the Ocean Park beach. I had out grown the Caribe Hilton beach. In reflecting on the events of my life I realized what had happened many years ago. I started to enjoy less the Caribe Hilton as my personality developed into something different, deviating away from the man made shores and the stone wave breakers. That wasn’t me anymore. I preferred the rocky shore because that’s how life is- it’s not going to be an easy road. I preferred the crowded beach because they were all different people much like the different cultures I had learned to love through my travels. I preferred the beach where I will go on an adventure to get to the actual restaurant. I had evolved and I had come to realize even if I did not know it at the time, I did not want life to be easier; I just wanted it t o be simpler. Curious reader, someday I may or may not return to the â€Å"fake† beach at the Caribe Hilton. If I don’t, I know it’s because I still prefer to dive into new experiences, to take the road less travelled, and to hunger for new knowledge. It means I still prefer the simple things.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Sports Memorabilia a True Hobby Essay Example For Students

Sports Memorabilia a True Hobby Essay As he stepped up to the plate, he dug his right back foot into the dirt getting a firm stance. Little did he know that the ball given to the umpire before the game which cost just nine dollars and now coming at him was going to be worth a little over 2.7 million dollars in seconds. Mark McGwire is truly a reason why a person can make money, gain notoriety and have fun while collecting memorabilia. Making money through regular jobs is one thing, making money by collecting sports memorabilia is entirely another. If one wants to make money collecting sports memorabilia, one has to be patient because collecting memorabilia is not a get-rich-quick scheme. Two main reasons why the value of sports memorabilia increases are the passage of time and the achievements of the athletes. One way to get these items before they increase in value is to attend free autograph signing sessions. Another way for one to make money is to write to an athlete and get something signed for free, then turn around and sell it. One example of this is Vince DeAngello who started this process when only a kid and now owns a very successful sports memorabilia shop. I have personally received memorabilia through letters to athletes; I have seen their value rise, then I have sold them to a sports memorabilia shop for a profit. One of the easiest ways to make money by collecting memorabilia is to follow rookies and get as much signed by them as you can. This is very convenient because rookies do not usually charge for their signatures. Also, as a first year player, rookies are more eager to sign autographs so they can make a favorable first impression. Not only can one make money by collecting sports memorabilia but one can also be seen as a hero in the eyes of the public. By collecting memorabilia, one can gain public recognition also. For example, the person who bought Mark McGwires seventieth homerun ball for $2.7 million certainly gained public recognition. Anyone who donates a piece of his or her collection of memorabilia to a sports hall of fame such as the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, will receive a great deal of public acclaim. Such recognition was given to the Rotary club who last year donated George Bretts pine tar bat to the Rockhurst Spectacular. The retired Royals reliever Jeff Montgomery is also known as a great benefactor to many charitable organizations. Con sidered a hero to many young children, Cal Ripken Jr. is known for his willingness to sign as many autographs as are requested both before and after games. Some people gain public notoriety by having memorabilia within their homes or business. I have gained a personal reputation for the amount of memorabilia I have in my house. Former baseball star Danny Jackson, owner of the Incredibowl draws people to his business not only to bowl, but also to gaze at his vast collection of sports memorabilia. With all of this money and fame, we often forget how fun, collecting memorabilia can be. The fun of collecting sports memorabilia can take many ways, shapes and forms. It is fun to meet star athletes and get autographs to add to your collection. One can also enjoy trading and collecting with people of similar interests. Not only does this fun come by trading, but also by watching your investment rise. My friend Brad Long was fortunate enough six years ago to invest $500 in a signed Mark McGw ire jersey, which now is worth several thousands. I have also been privileged to watch my Joe Montana football go up in value. Sports memorabilia has brought many great hours of pleasure to my life, and others. I have had fun decorating rooms of my house with sports history. My neighbor and friend Jamie Quirk has also inspired me by showing me his rooms of fun with endless memorabilia. .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 , .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .postImageUrl , .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 , .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:hover , .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:visited , .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:active { border:0!important; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:active , .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157 .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u29e52355370c4a8dc0d3b74ece4b0157:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Plato Essay Thesis We will write a custom essay on Sports Memorabilia a True Hobby specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now In conclusion, by collecting sports memorabilia a person can make money, gain notoriety and have fun. One of the nice things about collecting sports memorabilia is the possibility that a hero can emerge at any time, seeming from out of the blue. Nothing can sum that up better than the slogan used for the New York Yankees a few years ago, at any moment, a great moment. Sports Memorabilia a True Hobby Essay Example For Students Sports Memorabilia a True Hobby Essay As he stepped up to the plate, he dug his right back foot into the dirt getting a firm stance. Little did he know that the ball given to the umpire before the game which cost just nine dollars and now coming at him was going to be worth a little over 2.7 million dollars in seconds. Mark McGwire is truly a reason why a person can make money, gain notoriety and have fun while collecting memorabilia. Making money through regular jobs is one thing, making money by collecting sports memorabilia is entirely another. If one wants to make money collecting sports memorabilia, one has to be patient because collecting memorabilia is not a get-rich-quick scheme. Two main reasons why the value of sports memorabilia increases are the passage of time and the achievements of the athletes. One way to get these items before they increase in value is to attend free autograph signing sessions. Another way for one to make money is to write to an athlete and get something signed for free, then turn around and sell it. One example of this is Vince DeAngello who started this process when only a kid and now owns a very successful sports memorabilia shop. I have personally received memorabilia through letters to athletes; I have seen their value rise, then I have sold them to a sports memorabilia shop for a profit. We will write a custom essay on Sports Memorabilia a True Hobby specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now One of the easiest ways to make money by collecting memorabilia is to follow rookies and get as much signed by them as you can. This is very convenient because rookies do not usually charge for their signatures. Also, as a first year player, rookies are more eager to sign autographs so they can make a favorable first impression. Not only can one make money by collecting sports memorabilia but one can also be seen as a hero in the eyes of the public. By collecting memorabilia, one can gain public recognition also. For example, the person who bought Mark McGwires seventieth homerun ball for $2. 7 million certainly gained public recognition. Anyone who donates a piece of his or her collection of memorabilia to a sports hall of fame such as the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, will receive a great deal of public acclaim. Such recognition was given to the Rotary club who last year donated George Bretts pine tar bat to the Rockhurst Spectacular. The retired Royals reliever Jeff Montgomery is also known as a great benefactor to many charitable organizations. Considered a hero to many young children, Cal Ripken Jr. is known for his willingness to sign as many autographs as are requested both before and after games. Some people gain public notoriety by having memorabilia within their homes or business. I have gained a personal reputation for the amount of memorabilia I have in my house. Former baseball star Danny Jackson, owner of the Incredibowl draws people to his business not only to bowl, but also to gaze at his vast collection of sports memorabilia. With all of this money and fame, we often forget how fun, collecting memorabilia can be. The fun of collecting sports memorabilia can take many ways, shapes and forms. It is fun to meet star athletes and get autographs to add to your collection. One can also enjoy trading and collecting with people of similar interests. Not only does this fun come by trading, but also by watching your investment rise. My friend Brad Long was fortunate enough six years ago to invest $500 in a signed Mark McGwire jersey, which now is worth several thousands. I have also been privileged to watch my Joe Montana football go up in value. Sports memorabilia has brought many great hours of pleasure to my life, and others. I have had fun decorating rooms of my house with sports history. .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede , .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .postImageUrl , .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede , .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:hover , .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:visited , .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:active { border:0!important; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:active , .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u44c255eee9384851acccb8fa5131aede:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Through A Narrow Chink: An Ethical Dilemma Essay My neighbor and friend Jamie Quirk has also inspired me by showing me his rooms of fun with endless memorabilia. In conclusion, by collecting sports memorabilia a person can make money, gain notoriety and have fun. One of the nice things about collecting sports memorabilia is the possibility that a hero can emerge at any time, seeming from .